Forth Seabird Group - Our Islands - Bass Rock


Bass Rock is one of our larger islands and can be found a short distance off-shore, just a couple of miles east of North Berwick. It is largely volcanic in origin. The high cliffs round most of the island are the remains of the solidified lava which formed a plug when the ancient volcano became dormant.
Over many centuries the island has had many uses - sometimes grazing for animals; sometimes as a retreat for monks; sometimes as a jail for political prisoners. Over the same timescale the seabirds have been harvested for food, killed for sport, and now they are protected.

View of Bass Rock from the south west Cliffs on the east of the Bass, showing the entrance to the caves Ruins of the castle which is thought to have been built in about the 16th century

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